Solid Data - Solid


SOLID relies on extensive data collection. An innovative methodology has been developed for coding qualitative data on policy episodes: Policy Process Analysis (PPA). This method systematically records and evaluates various features of policy debates across space, time, and issue areas. PPA enables the comparative study of decision-making processes that take place within bounded units of analysis, or what we call policy episodes. PPA incorporates into a single framework the constitutive elements of such policy episodes – including actors’ positions and relations, activities taking place in different policy making arenas and at different levels of governance, which allows for theoretical and empirical synthesis on a large scale. We have completed collecting PPA data for two of the crises in our project, the refugee crisis (covering five-six key policy episodes in eight countries and the EU over the 2013-2020 period) and the COVID crisis (covering the three waves of the crisis from 2020 to 2021 in eight countries and the EU).

Here’s the list of datasets available through SOLID’s research

Election Campaigns

Short descriptionNational election campaigns in 15 countriesNational election campaigns in 6 countries, EU issues onlyEP election campaigns in 6 countriesEP election campaigns in 6 countries, EU issues only
Dataset namepoldem-election_allpoldem-election_eupoldem-ep-election_allpoldem-ep-election_eu
Statusreleasedreleasedsoon availablesoon available
Additional datasetspoldem-election_eu_aggregated
Country selection15 European countries (Northwest, South, and Central-East)6 countries (Austria, Britain, France, Germany, Sweden, and Switzerland)5 countries (Austria, Britain, France, Germany, and Sweden)5 countries (Austria, Britain, France, Germany, and Sweden)
Time span2000s to 2017 (all countries);
1970s to 2017 (selected countries)
1970 to 20101994 to 20191994 to 2019
SourceNational newspapersNational newspapersNational newspapersNational newspapers
Issue scopeAll issuesEuropean integrationAll issuesEuropean integration


How to cite:

poldem-election_allKriesi, Hanspeter, Grande, Edgar, Hutter, Swen, Altiparmakis, Argyrios, Borbáth, Endre, Bornschier, Simon, Bremer, Björn, Dolezal, Martin, Frey, Tim, Gessler, Theresa, Helbling, Marc, Hoeglinger, Dominic, Lachat, Romain, Lorenzini, Jasmine, Malet, Giorgio, Vidal, Guillem, and Wüest, Bruno. 2020. PolDem-National Election Campaign Dataset, Version 1
poldem-election_eu, _aggregatedGrande, Edgar, Hutter, Swen, Kriesi, Hanspeter, Dolezal, Martin, Hellström, Johan, and Maag, Simon 2020. PolDem-National Election Campaign Dataset on EU issues, Version 1

Protest Events

Short descriptionProtest events in 30 countriesProtest events in 6 countriesProtest events in 6 countries, EU issues only
Dataset namepoldem-protest_30poldem-protest_6poldem-protest_eu
Country selection30 European countries6 countries (Austria, Britain, France, Germany, the Netherlands, and Switzerland)6 countries (Austria, Britain, France, Germany, Sweden, and Switzerland)
Time span2000 to 20151975 to 20111995 to 2010
SourceEnglish-language news wiresNational newspapersNational newspapers
Issue scopeAll issuesAll issuesAll issues


How to cite:

poldem-protest_30Kriesi, Hanspeter, Wüest, Bruno, Lorenzini, Jasmine, Makarov, Peter, Enggist, Matthias, Rothenhäusler, Klaus, Kurer, Thomas, Häusermann, Silja, Patrice Wangen, Altiparmakis, Argyrios, Borbáth, Endre, Bremer, Björn, Gessler, Theresa, Hunger, Sophia, Hutter, Swen, Schulte-Cloos, Julia, and Wang, Chendi. 2020. PolDem-Protest Dataset 30 European Countries, Version 1
poldem-protest_6Kriesi, Hanspeter, Grande, Edgar, Dolezal, Martin, Helbing, Marc, Höglinger, Dominic, Hutter, Swen, and Wüest, Bruno. 2020. PolDem-Protest Dataset 6 European Countries, Version 1
poldem-protest_euGrande, Edgar, Hutter, Swen, Kriesi, Hanspeter, Dolezal, Martin, Hellström, Johan, and Maag, Simon 2020. PolDem-Protest Dataset on EU issues, Version 1
This project is funded with a Synergy Grant by the European Research Council under Grant Agreement n. 810356. Views and opinions expressed are however those of the author(s) only and do not necessarily reflect those of the European Union or the European Research Council. Neither the European Union nor the granting authority can be held responsible for them.